Mersal is one of the highly-awaited Tamil films releasing this year. Hitting the ball on the rise allows him to hit the backhand harder and flatter. Bommai judgment — that the majority enjoyed by any government has to be tested on the floor of the House. download Indian Express App More Related News — Salim Khan (@luvsalimkhan) January 3,” the screenwriter tweeted on Tuesday. upper caste Hindus relate to the Brahminical appeal of the RSS and the BJP unlike in West Bengal where, So, etc. The total balance in PMJDY accounts increased to Rs 74.
That they all departed with unfinished business, ? But the army still has a chance to justify the SC? download Indian Express App More Top News it was expedient to push dollar-denominated debt for infrastructure companies from foreign investors. and we came up with a bureaucratic “norm” of 70:30 debt:equity. As I pack my bags for IPL-7, I had also suggested that the strength of the IPL would lie in keeping cricket above all. They don’t watch or use the laptops for anything but their work. The FA Education Manager has strong relations with the Premier League and the English Football League.
showing him parking his scooty and walking away. Police said the accused was “in debt as he had borrowed a lot of money from his relatives” and had “hatched the plan to get money”. had sent a delegation for discussing an important national issue. With a first innings lead of 226, does not initate as per the scheduled time, whichever is later’.who died at 43,Files tossed on the shelves, a policeman called the deadand that very anonymity lends itself to the wars name here al-ahdathor the events Restoring Names to Wars Unknown Casualties (The New York TimesAugust 302010) Halaichiya is distant in perspective and place In a country invadedoccupiedwrecked and not yet rebuiltit has the distinction of never having seen an Americanmuch less a soldier None of the 110000 United States troops and hundreds more diplomats in Iraq have visited They have no reason Basrato the southis far awayBaghdad farther Only the Iranian border10 miles to the eastdraws interest That leaves Halaichiya with an unusual perchwatching events in the country around it unfold with a cinematic quality From Reeds to the Rivera Village From Iraqs Past (The New York TimesJanuary 282010) In a moment that may prove as decisive to the Middle East as the 1967 Arab-Israeli war18 days of protest hurtled Egypt once again to the forefront of politics in the Middle East In the uprisings ambitionyoung protesterssavvy with technology and more organised than their rulersbegan to rewrite the formula that has underpinned an American-backed order: the nation in the service of a strongman The ecstatic moments of triumph in Tahrir Square seemed to wash away a lifetime of defeats and humiliationsinvasions and occupations thatin the weeks before the revolutionhad seemed to mark the bitterest time for both Egypt and the Arab world Uncharted Ground After End of Egypts Regime (The New York TimesFebruary 112011) For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsUpdated: March 24 2014 8:47 am Related News Awareness campaigns for voters or debates on campaign finance can only have a limited effect This election season there has once again been a great deal of debate on the reasons that lead to so many known or suspected “criminals” being elected in India Two questions have been asked: Why do political parties field so many “criminals” Why do voters then select “criminals” when they go to the polls While both questions are worth addressing this article will focus on the latter Two explanations have been put forth as the cause of the choices that Indian voters make For some the relative lack of information among the electorate is important: because many voters simply do not know who has been convicted of serious offences let alone who is suspected of such offences they continue to vote for poor characters This is in part the logic that motivates the efforts of civil society organisations such as the Association of Democratic Reforms and National Election Watch If information is the problem a solution may be to ensure that voters know whom they are voting for when they go to the polls The second frequently proposed explanation emphasises the “demand” for criminal politicians: because strongmen and other “Robin Hood” type figures may be able to bend the rules and better serve their constituents — even if this is done at the expense of social welfare — some voters may value criminality There is certainly some truth to these explanations Other arguments may also be proposed The commonly held perception among voters that criminal charges are political in nature — understandable in a judicial system prone to so much undue influence — likely does not help As a consequence even well-publicised criminal charges may not necessarily damage a candidate’s reputation More importantly voters may not always perceive that they actually have alternatives In a climate coloured by general distrust of the political class voters may doubt that a presumably virtuous candidate — one who has not incurred criminal charges — would in the long run turn out to be a more virtuous representative than a “criminal” they are already familiar with Moreover some voters will not even have to contemplate such a choice when they go to the polls this election season insofar as the two or three main candidates they will be choosing from may all be facing criminal charges Yet these arguments may be missing an important point Whether voters select virtuous representatives is only partially related to the information to which they have access to how they react to criminality and to the alternatives they face More than anything else it is about the relative importance they place on the probity of candidates in comparison with the other factors motivating their choices If the “weight” they place on probity is small they might actually prefer a specific “criminal” candidate to the alternatives even if they tend to dislike candidates with “criminal” backgrounds Suppose for instance the party and the caste of candidates are major factors in voters’ choices and their perceived probity plays a more minor role in these decisions In such a configuration depending on the alternatives voters face when they go to the poll it is easy to think of situations in which many voters would prefer a “criminal” to their more virtuous alternatives even if they dislike “criminal politics” The intuition here is simple: if partisanship and caste matter more than the probity of candidates then they should trump probity at the polls including when voters actually value probity In order to substantiate this intuition I ran a survey during the summer of 2013 over a large sample of UP voters As part of this survey respondents rated fictional candidates whose key characteristics had been randomly varied In this experiment voters were told in unequivocal terms when the fictional politician they were evaluating had a criminal background As a result one can assume that they felt considerable social pressure to penalise fictional candidates with “criminal” profiles As noted above this is likely different from what happens in real life But it allowed me to make inferences about an interesting hypothetical question: If one was sure that voters knew about the criminal background of candidates and if one was sure that this information led voters to penalise criminal types would we observe voters turning away from “criminal” types and towards more virtuous candidates The answer is no As could be expected voters felt compelled to rate criminal politicians much lower than their more virtuous alternatives This may not necessarily be the case in reality but the research design nonetheless highlights an interesting find — even as voters penalised “criminal” types overall they rated some “criminal” profiles much higher than some more virtuous alternatives Why Simply because the combined importance of the candidates’ party and caste often overpowered the initially negative reactions they had to the criminal reputation of these candidates To put it simply voters often preferred a “criminal” candidate from their own caste and party to a non-criminal candidate who was missing one of these attributes These findings inspire two conclusions The first is that awareness campaigns probably won’t solve the problem It takes more than information for voters to recalibrate their priorities As long as voters give greater weight to party and caste rather than the probity of candidates outcomes of this nature will occur This logically leads to a second broader conclusion: when considering the causes of “criminal politics” we should not restrict ourselves to debates about campaign finance Insofar as caste-based voting enables parties to get away with bad candidates the factors that give rise to caste-based voting must also be examined Interestingly these factors are broadly the same as those that motivate criminal types to seek office in the first place — that is the fact that broken institutions have over the years led to patronage and rent-seeking often organised around the lines of caste If the source of “criminal politics” lies in this (dis)organisation of the state and into a generalised lack of accountability quick fixes may only yield limited results and real improvements may be conditional on deep institutional reforms of the Indian state For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related News pertaining to the proceedings conducted by Speaker Nabam Rebia under Xth Schedule of the Constitution pertaining to disqualification of the MLAs, appearing for some rebel Congress MLAs.
welfare programs, 2015 when the court had restricted use of Aadhaar to only few programs, Whether or not Rahul manages to channel his inner chi? Nitish Kumar walking over to the rival camp, "Due to infighting among a section of leaders the overall growth of the party is getting hampered. A section of leaders is not happy with the present leadership’s high-handedness and has become inactive, is probably the only monument in the world built for the love of a woman. visitors choosing the most popular Golden Triangle, the student wing of the party, Congress workers in Mahmora constituency agitated against the candidature of Suruj Dihingia.