Tag: 香港夜生活到多晚

January 11, 2020 | |Post a Comment
first_imgBut after taking office, his proposals to rein in spending met with mixed success: Voters approved one diluted measure in 2004, but failed to pass a stronger plan in 2005. Since then, Schwarzenegger has not proposed any other major long-term constitutional or structural budget reform. “It’s human nature to focus on long-term problems only when they’re hitting you in the face,” said Hodson. “It is shortsighted. It’s also very human.” `Surrender’ blamed State Sen. Tom McClintock, R-Thousand Oaks, one of California’s leading fiscal conservatives, said Schwarzenegger started his term with the right ideas but failed to pursue them amid Democratic opposition. “That’s his problem: He’ll surrender at the first sign of a fight,” McClintock said. “The four measures that he put to the voters in 2005 were important steps. … But at the first setback, he not only ran up the white flag, he joined the other side.” McClintock said he would like to see a restoration of the original Gann spending limit that restricted state spending increases based on population growth and inflation. And he said the entire budget process needs to be conducted in full public view, rather than through a “Big Five” process in which the governor and four legislative leaders meet behind closed doors to hammer out the most contentious budget issues. Mike Genest, the governor’s finance director, said the governor has not given up on budget reform but is taking a different approach this year. Rather than write his own proposal, he has challenged lawmakers to come up with a plan that could be then subject to negotiations. “He intentionally did not make a specific proposal, because of the experience with Proposition 76 (the 2005 ballot measure),” Genest said. “He thought it was wiser to ask the Legislature what their ideas were. That hasn’t really borne any fruit. “What he has said is what we have now are peaks and valleys, and we need to level it out so we have rolling hills. So when we have drops in revenue, it’s not devastating,” Genest said. Last year, he added, the governor proposed restoring his authority to make midyear cuts without Legislative approval, but lawmakers did not agree. Even without sweeping reforms, Schwarzenegger has made several improvements. Last year, he signed an on-time budget, the first in five years. He has also reduced the state’s long-term structural deficit from about $16 billion to a proposed $1 billion next year. His Proposition 58, approved by voters in 2004, put some limits on state spending and borrowing, though the measure was weakened in negotiations. But the state’s public employee unions opposed a broad slate of stronger reforms proposed in 2005, and all were defeated at the polls. “I think the governor’s 2005 failed Year of Reform probably caused a timeout on reform talks for a year or two,” said Assemblyman John Laird, D-Santa Cruz, chairman of the Assembly Budget Committee. “It’s too bad, because I think he had political sway. … They were reforms that were fair and balanced.” Democrats disagree Democrats acknowledge budget reforms are needed but have different ideas on how to achieve them. Laird said he would like to see reforms in the state tax system, rather than on the spending side. The state could broaden items that are subject to taxes while lowering the actual tax rate to keep the changes fiscally neutral, he said. Such a change would give the state a broader and more diverse tax base less subject to fluctuations in personal income and capital gains, he said. Ultimately, Bob Stern, president of the Los Angeles-based Center for Governmental Studies, said it may take another economic downturn for policymakers to act. “Crisis usually brings reform,” Stern said. “We’re not in a crisis right now, though we are in a dip. Clearly things are not as rosy as they were last year. If it gets much worse, you will see reform proposals, I’m sure.” “It takes a crisis to get anything done. That’s unfortunate, but it’s just human nature.” harrison.sheppard @dailynews.com (916) 446-6723 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! The stakes are high: At $146 billion, California’s budget total would be bigger than economic output. The general fund – which is most directly under the control of state policymakers – has more than doubled in the past decade to a proposed $103 billion next year. many countries’ Discretion limited But state officials say they actually have very little control over what ends up in the budget. The current administration estimates about 8 percent is discretionary, while the rest is predetermined by state and federal laws, ballot measures, court settlements, previously negotiated contracts and debt obligations. Still, when the state faced a massive budget deficit during the 2003 recall election, Schwarzenegger vowed fiscally conservative budget reform. SACRAMENTO – As negotiations ramp up over Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger’s proposed $146 billion state budget, some fear that reforms designed to avert a repeat of the financial meltdown California faced after the dot-com bust have been abandoned. While many note the economy is stronger now than it was five years ago, when the tech collapse sucked billions out of state coffers, analysts say ignoring budget reform leaves California vulnerable to another downturn. “The window of opportunity to reform the budget process was wide open when the budgets were continually late and very acrimonious,” said Tim Hodson, executive director of the Center for California Studies at California State University, Sacramento. “We’ve had two years of relatively on-time budgets and relatively collegial budget-making. That has taken the urgency away and closed the window.” last_img